12 vice presidential candidates from major parties have called the state home, second in the nation to New York with 14.
Each President’s Day, our country recognizes and honors the life of the nation’s Head of State. Although the third Monday in February originally recognized the birthday of the first US President George Washington, it is now generally considered a day to celebrate all US Presidents, past and present. While only two Hoosiers have made the White House their home — former Indiana Territory Governor William Henry Harrison and his grandson, longtime Indianapolis resident Benjamin Harrison — Indiana has produced many high profile presidential and vice-presidential candidates. Notably, 12 major-party vice-presidential candidates have called the state home, second in the nation to New York with 14, according to the Indiana Historical Society. Celebrate some of our past Commanders-in-Chief and those who missed out on a seat in the Oval Office with this list of Hoosiers who campaigned for President and Vice President of the United States.
U.S. Senator from Indiana from 1897 to 1905 and 26th Vice President under Theodore Roosevelt, Fairbanks, a resident of Indianapolis, tried hard to secure the Republican Party’s presidential nomination in 1908, even garnering 40 votes at the convention national. The incumbent Roosevelt ran away with the nomination, using his popularity to secure the vice presidential nomination of Fairbanks’ successor, William Howard Taft. Fairbanks was again nominated for the GOP vice presidential nominee to run with Charles Evans Hughes in 1916, but the pair narrowly lost to Democrat Woodrow Wilson and his running mate Thomas Marshall.
Although Pence did not run for president, the Columbus, Indiana native earned the Republican vice presidential nomination in 2016 and 2020 and served as the 48th vice president under President Donald Trump. Pence also served as a U.S. congressman from 2001 to 2013 and served as Indiana’s 50th governor from 2013 to 2017.
Marshall served as governor of Indiana from 1908 to 1913. Taking advantage of his popularity in the Democratic party, Marshall campaigned for the presidency in 1912, but lost to Wilson on the 46th ballot. The two made a deal for Marshall to serve as Wilson’s running mate in return for supporting Wilson, which Marshall agreed to. The pair would secure victory against a divided Republican party, with Marshall becoming the nation’s 28th vice president and serving two terms with Wilson until 1921.
Eugene V. Debs
Debs, a native of Terre Haute, was a Socialist Party presidential candidate five times between 1900 and 1920. He is best known for his final race in 1920, which he led from prison while serving a 10-year sentence. years for sedition for speaking out against the world war. I am a military draft. His 913,693 votes that year were, at the time, the most ever received for a Socialist Party candidate.
A native of Elwood, Indiana, Willkie ran for president three times between 1932 and 1944, twice as a Democrat and once as a Republican after switching party affiliations in 1939. Willkie came closest to the White House in the 1940 election; although he did not officially run, he secured the Republican nomination as the dark horse candidate since he had never held public office. He would eventually lose to incumbent Franklin D. Roosevelt, who earned an unprecedented third term.
River City’s most prominent politician to enter the race for President of the United States, Hartke served one term as mayor of Evansville from 1956 to 1958, then served as a Democratic senator for three terms. He ran unsuccessfully for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1972, stepping down shortly after the first round of primaries. In the 1976 election, Hartke lost his U.S. Senate seat to Indianapolis Mayor Richard Lugar.
Indianapolis native Lugar had his own unsuccessful bid for president, running for the GOP nomination in 1996. Lugar was the longest-serving congressman in Indiana history, serving in office for 36 from 1977 to 2013, and was the longest serving Republican in the Senate when he left office in 2013 at age 80.
Best known for authoring Title IX legislation and two constitutional amendments, the senator and native of Terre Haute Bayh sought the Democratic nomination for president in 1976, but dropped out after four and a half months in a row. poor results at the start of primary school. Bayh served in the Senate until 1981, when he lost his re-election bid to eventual Vice President Dan Quayle.
Harrison served as the nation’s 23rd head of state from 1889 to 1893. Harrison, the grandson of the aforementioned former President William Henry Harrison, served as a Republican senator before winning the GOP presidential nomination in 1888. He was defeated incumbent Grover Cleveland in the general election. despite losing the popular vote, but would fall to Cleveland when Harrison ran for re-election in 1892.
Quayle never campaigned for the presidency, but served as a Republican U.S. congressman and senator throughout the 1980s before becoming the nation’s 44th vice president under President George HW Bush. He and Bush reclaimed the nomination in 1992 but ultimately lost in the general election to Democrat Bill Clinton and his running mate Al Gore.
One of the most recent Hoosiers to throw his name in the ring for president, the former South Bend mayor came just ahead of the Democratic Party’s nomination for the 2020 election. executive of the country, he is still part of it: Buttigieg is currently secretary of transport in the administration of President Joe Biden.